Finaccountants  a venture by Finguru Services India Private Limited

Alternative Investment Fund Registration

Alternative investment funds mean establishment which is privately pooled investment. AIF collect Funds from investors to provide return.

Top 100

Among Asia Top 100 Consulting Firm


Lowest Fees 50,000 + Clients.


4.9 Customer Rating 500+ CA/CS

In the ever-changing world of investments, there are new and exciting ways to grow your money beyond the usual methods. One such way is through something called Alternative Investment Funds, or AIFs.

These are like innovative paths that entrepreneurs and business owners are taking to make their investment portfolios more varied and potentially earn more money.

AIFs let you step into a realm of opportunities that go beyond the typical options. They offer many different ways to invest your money, each with the potential to make higher profits. 

Recently, Alternative Investment Funds (AIFs) secured nearly Rs 8.45 trillion in commitments by June, with investments crossing Rs 3.5 trillion. Between April and July, SEBI has received over 55 applications for AIF registrations, while 13 others have already been approved and are pending payment of the registration fees. 

In this guide, we’ll dive deep into AIFs. We’ll understand what Alternative Investment Funds (AIFs) are, why they matter, look at the different types they come in, who can invest in them, how to invest in them and explore all the good things they can bring to people who want to make smart choices with their money.

What is AIF and How Does it Work?

Think of AIF as a new and exciting way to invest your money, different from the usual buying of stocks or bonds. It’s like joining a club where people come together to invest in interesting things like real estate, innovative startups, and big projects. These investments might not be what you’re used to, but they can bring in some really good profits.

Here’s how it works in a simple way. Imagine a group of investors who put their money into an AIF. This is like a pool of funds. They might decide to invest in exciting new startups brimming with innovative ideas; this is known as the Venture Capital Fund. Alternatively, they could direct the funds towards crucial infrastructure projects like building roads and bridges, which is referred to as the Infrastructure Fund.

For those who wish to support investors backing nascent businesses, there’s the Angel Fund. And if making a positive impact on society resonates with you, there’s the Social Venture Fund that aligns with such goals.

Furthermore, if you’re intrigued by companies that haven’t yet become public and are looking to invest in them, there’s the Private Equity Fund catering to this interest. It’s akin to embarking on a thrilling journey to explore an entirely fresh avenue for your money to flourish!

Types of AIFs: Diving into Investment Adventures

CategoryType of investmentsInvestors
Category I Start-ups, SMEs,
Infrastructure, Social
Venture Funds, Angel Funds
Accredited investors
Category II Private Equity funds,
debt funds, real
estate, distressed assets
Accredited investors
or high net worth individuals
Category IIIHedge funds,
Equities, debt, derivatives,
other asset classes
Accredited investors, high
net worth individuals, and
other sophisticated investors

Category I AIFs:

These funds prioritize investments in start-ups, SMEs, infrastructure projects, social venture funds, and angel funds. They target areas the government deems crucial for economic and social growth. Participation is open to accredited investors.

Types of Investment in Category 1:

Venture Capital Fund (VCF): Backing innovative startups that aim to reshape industries. They provide not just funds but also guidance for growth. Perfect if you’re into innovation and startups.

Angel Fund: Supporting startups early on, playing the role of guardian angels. If you’re keen on nurturing early successes, Angel Fund is your pick.

Infrastructure Fund (IF): Funding major projects like roads and bridges, improving our lives. If you’re interested in big-scale development, IF is intriguing.

Social Venture Fund: Making profits while promoting positive change. Investing in businesses that benefit society or the environment. If you believe in impactful business, Social Venture Fund is for you.

Category II:

Embracing private equity, diverse debt instruments, and non-incentivized assets like real estate and distressed assets. Suited for accredited and high net worth investors seeking diverse investment avenues.

Types of Investment of Category 2:

Private Equity (PE) Fund: Investing in private companies before they go public. If you’re curious about non-public ventures, PE Fund suits your taste.

Private Equity Funds: Investing in unlisted private companies that struggle to secure funds through traditional means. These funds often impose a lock-in period of 4 to 7 years.

Debt Funds: Focusing on debt securities of unlisted companies, often with strong corporate governance and growth potential. Despite being riskier, due to low credit ratings, they might not suit conservative investors. SEBI guidelines prevent debt fund funds from being used for lending.

Fund of Funds: These funds invest in various Alternative Investment Funds (AIFs) rather than having a distinct portfolio. Their focus lies in diversifying investments across different AIFs.

Category III:

Open to various asset classes – equities, debt, derivatives – with leverage potential for amplified returns. Welcoming accredited investors, high net worth individuals, and sophisticated participants comfortable with dynamic investment strategies.

Types of Investment of Category 3:

Private Investment in Public Equity Fund (PIPE): Investing in discounted shares of publicly traded companies, offering convenience over secondary issues due to reduced paperwork and administration.

Hedge Funds: These funds aggregate resources from accredited investors and institutions, engaging in investments across both domestic and international debt and equity markets.

Documents Required For Alternative Investment Fund Registration

For AIF registration, you will need to provide the following documents:

Registered Address Details:
– Name of the registered address entity
– Complete address information

Company Registration Certificate (For Body Corporates)
– Copy of the official registration certificate of the company

Applicant’s Contact Information:-
– Name, contact number, and email address of the applicant
– Residential address details

Partnership Deed (For Registered LLP)
– Copy of the partnership deed if the applicant is a registered Limited Liability Partnership (LLP)

Trust Deed (For Trust Applicants)
– Copy of the trust deed if the applicant is a trust

Business Strategies and Investment Plans
– Detailed information about the business strategies and investment plans of the AIF

Draft Placement Memorandum
– A preliminary version of the placement memorandum, which outlines the terms and conditions of the AIF

Self-Declaration by Directors/Partners/Members
– A declaration provided by the directors, partners, or members stating their compliance with relevant regulations

Financial Statements of Previous Years
– Financial statements for the previous years, indicating the financial health of the applicant

Sponsor/Directors’ Registration with the Board
– Information on whether the sponsor or directors are registered with the regulatory authority

Information on Previously Registered AIFs
– Details about any AIFs previously registered by the sponsors

Sponsors’ Past Work Profile
– Information detailing the professional background and work history of the sponsors
By providing these documents, you’ll be well on your way to completing the AIF registration process, demonstrating your commitment to regulatory compliance and transparency in your investment endeavors.

Business Plan For Alternative Investment Fund Registration

  • Objective of the Fund:
    Clearly state the purpose and goals of the fund.
  • Investment Style/Strategy of the Fund:
    Define the approach the fund will take for investing.
  • Tenure of the Fund or Scheme:
    Specify the duration the fund or scheme will run.
  • Target Industries/Sectors, if Any
    Outline the specific industries or sectors the fund aims to invest in.
  • Proposed Corpus:
    Indicate the intended size of the fund in terms of capital.
  • Target Investors:
    Identify the type of investors the fund is intended for.
  • Proposed Fee Structure to Compensate the Sponsor and Manager:
    Detail the fees that the fund sponsor and manager will receive for their services.
  • Any Regulatory Proceedings Against Sponsors or Directors:
    Disclose if there are any ongoing or past regulatory proceedings involving the fund’s sponsors or directors.

Registration Process of Alternative Investment Fund

The step-by-step registration process of Alternative Investment Fund (AIF) :-

Apply to SEBI:
Submit Form A of SEBI (Alternative Investment Funds) Regulations, 2012, along with required documents and a detailed business plan.

Authorization Letter:
Provide an authorization letter if any director, promoter, or officer is acting as an authorized signatory on behalf of the applicant entity.

SEBI Compliances:
Thoroughly review SEBI guidelines to determine eligibility for AIF registration.

Cover Letter:
If the applicant is already registered as a venture capital fund with SEBI, mention this in the cover letter. Also, if the applicant has engaged in AIF activities before applying, report this.

Final Submission of Application:
Submit the properly filled and duly signed Form A online, accompanied by necessary documents and an application fee of INR 100,000 through a draft in favor of SEBI, payable in Mumbai.

Scrutinizing of Application:
SEBI evaluates the application’s accuracy within 21 days of receiving it. The application’s correctness is verified, and upon satisfaction, SEBI approves the application.

Grant of Registration Certificate:
Upon approval, SEBI issues the registration certificate after the payment of registration fees.

Registration Fees for Alternative Investment Fund

The registration fee structure for Alternative Investment Fund

  • Application Fee: Rs. 1,00,000/-
  • Registration Fee for Category I AIF (except Angel Funds): Rs. 5,00,000/-
  • Registration Fee for Category II AIF (except Angel Funds): Rs. 10,00,000/-
  • Registration Fee for Category III AIF (except Angel Funds): Rs. 15,00,000/-
  • Scheme for AIF other than Angel Funds: Rs. 1,00,000/-
  • Re-registration Fee: Rs. 1,00,000/-
  • Registration Fee for Angel Funds: Rs. 2,00,000/-

Unique Features of Alternative Investment Fund


Alternative Investment Funds (AIFs) aren’t your average investment – they come with some special features that set them apart. Let’s dig into the unique features that make AIFs stand out:

Diverse Investment Strategies: AIFs are like a buffet of investment strategies. They can invest in a variety of assets, including commodities, start-ups, real estate, and more. You may select the strategy that best fits your investing objectives and risk tolerance thanks to this diversity.

Access to Specialized Markets: Some AIFs offer access to markets that are usually out of reach for individual investors. For example, Infrastructure Funds can give you exposure to large-scale development projects that you might not be able to invest in directly.

Potential for Higher Returns: Due to their diverse strategies and professional management, AIFs to conventional investing alternatives, better returns may be possible. Naturally, larger returns frequently come with higher risks, so it’s critical to determine your level of comfort with risk.

Limited Lock-In Period: While some traditional investments might require you to tie up your money for a long time, AIFs can offer more flexible lock-in periods. This means you might have the option to exit your investment sooner if needed.

Investment Exposure without Direct Ownership: AIFs allow you to invest in specific sectors or assets without directly owning them. For example, you can invest in real estate through a Real Estate AIF without having to deal with property management.

Investing in AIFs: Who Qualifies and Criteria to Consider

Alternative Investment Funds (AIFs) offer an intriguing avenue for a diverse range of investors to venture beyond the traditional investment landscape. Here’s a breakdown of who can invest in AIFs and the various criteria that come into play:

Who Can Invest in AIFs?

High Net Worth Individuals (HNIs):
High net worth individuals seeking diversification and higher returns can invest in AIFs. They are required to meet specific financial thresholds, often set by regulatory bodies.

Family Offices: Family offices, managing the wealth of affluent families, often opt for AIFs to enhance their investment portfolio’s diversity and yield potential.

Institutional Investors: Institutions such as pension funds, endowments, and insurance companies can participate in AIFs, aligning with their long-term investment objectives.

Foreign Investors: Non-resident individuals and foreign entities are typically allowed to invest in AIFs, subject to regulations and compliance requirements.

Corporate Investors: Corporate entities seeking diversification of their surplus funds can consider AIFs as an option for strategic investment.

Minimum investment requirement in Alternate Investment Funds

To invest in Alternate Investment Funds (AIFs), there are some important financial considerations to keep in mind. Generally, the minimum investment requirement is Rs 1 crore for investors and Rs 25 lakh for directors, employees, and fund managers.

AIFs usually have a minimum lock-in period of three years, which means you won’t be able to withdraw your investment for that period of time.

It’s important to note that each AIF scheme has a limit of 100 investors, with angel funds being allowed a maximum of 49 investors.

If you’re interested in investing in AIFs, you should know that these investment opportunities are available to Indian residents, including Non-Resident Indians (NRIs), Persons of Indian Origin (PIOs), and Overseas Citizens of India (OCIs). However, there are certain conditions you need to meet, including a minimum capital requirement of Rs. 10 crore for angel funds and Rs. 20 crore for each program.

Understanding these criteria will empower you to make well-informed decisions that align with your financial goals and aspirations.

Embarking on the path of alternative investments marks a distinct departure from conventional investment avenues. Strategies diverge significantly based on the chosen alternative. Here’s a succinct guide to initiating investments in prominent alternative categories:

  1. Private Equity:
    Private equity investments involve acquiring shares in private entities, facilitated by private equity firms, venture capital funds, or crowdfunding platforms. Diligent research and due diligence are essential before committing capital.
  1. Real Estate:
    Real estate investments offer various avenues, from purchasing rental properties to engaging with Real Estate Investment Trusts (REITs) and real estate crowdfunding. Each avenue comes with distinct prerequisites and potential returns.
  1. Hedge Funds:
    Hedge funds primarily cater to accredited investors, requiring significant net worth and capital. Engagement usually involves hedge fund managers or brokers, with rigorous qualifications necessitating careful evaluation.
  1. Commodities:
    Commodities encompass tangible assets like gold, silver, oil, and agricultural products. Investment avenues include commodity trading platforms, ETFs, and mutual funds. Thorough market research and understanding are imperative.
  1. Art and Collectibles:
    Investing in art and collectibles involves art dealers, auction houses, and online platforms. Due to the unique nature of these assets, assessing the credibility and reputation of chosen avenues is crucial.
  1. Cryptocurrencies:
    Venturing into cryptocurrencies involves cryptocurrency exchanges, brokers, or digital platforms. Investors generally establish digital wallets, deposit domestic currency, and meticulously manage private keys for security.

How FinAccountants Can Help

In the ever-changing world of investing, there’s a promising option that’s gaining attention: Alternative investment funds (AIFs). These funds offer a diverse way for entrepreneurs and business owners to grow their investments. Whether you’re looking at Venture Capital Funds, Infrastructure Funds, Angel Funds, or Private Equity Funds, there’s a wide range to choose from. These options cater to different levels of risk and financial goals.

Venturing into AIFs involves a journey of learning, careful assessment, and smart decision-making. Each category has its own unique benefits. This could include having experts manage your investments, the potential for tax advantages, or a focus on supporting socially important projects. As entrepreneurs and business owners, it’s important that your investment choices match your financial objectives, your comfort with risk, and the rules and regulations you need to follow.

At FinAccountants, we understand how important it is to have personalized support throughout this journey. Our team of experts is dedicated to offering you advice and solutions that really connect with your investment goals. Whether it’s explaining complex strategies or making sure you’re following all the necessary rules, we’re here to walk with you every step of the way on your investment adventure.


Indian residents, NRIs, and foreign nationals can invest in AIFs. A minimum investment of Rs 1 crore is required for investors and Rs 25 lakh for directors, employees, and fund managers. 

AIFs have a minimum lock-in period of three years, and the number of investors in every scheme is limited to 100, except for angel funds, which can have up to 49 investors.


However, investors must meet certain prerequisites, including a minimum capital requirement of Rs. 10 crore for angel funds and Rs. 20 crore for each programme.

Alternative Investment Funds (AIFs) do not provide loans as they are privately pooled investment vehicles.

An alternative investment is any financial asset that doesn’t fit into traditional investment categories like stocks, bonds, or cash.

A mutual fund is an investment vehicle that pools money from multiple investors to purchase a diverse range of assets, including stocks, bonds, and other financial instruments. Alternative Investment Funds (AIFs) differ from traditional investments like stocks and bonds.

The SEBI Regulations set the registration fee for Alternative Investment Funds. The fee schedule is as follows: Category I – Rs. 5,00,000, Category II – Rs. 10,00,000, and Category III – Rs. 15,00,000.

AIFs generate returns through various investment strategies, depending on their category. For example, Category I AIFs might invest in early-stage companies and benefit from their growth, while Category III AIFs might use derivatives and leverage to capitalize on short-term market movements.

Investing in AIFs involves risks similar to other investment options, such as market risk, liquidity risk, and economic risks. Additionally, some categories of AIFs, like Category III, might involve higher levels of risk due to their complex strategies.

Yes, foreign investors are allowed to invest in Indian AIFs, subject to certain regulations and limits set by SEBI and the Reserve Bank of India (RBI).

Yes, AIFs registered in India can invest a certain percentage of their assets in international markets, subject to SEBI’s regulations. These investments are typically made through instruments like depository receipts or other permissible routes.

AIFs are allowed to borrow funds to an extent, but this borrowing is subject to SEBI’s regulations and the investment strategy of the AIF. Borrowing can introduce additional risk to the fund’s operations.

Open-ended AIFs allow investors to buy and sell shares at any time, while closed-ended AIFs have a fixed number of shares and typically have a set maturity date before investors can exit.

Tax treatment varies based on the investor’s jurisdiction, the type of AIF, and the assets held. Investors might face capital gains tax, income tax, or other taxes depending on their individual circumstances and the regulations in their country.

Depending on your retirement account structure and the regulations in your country, it might be possible to include certain AIFs in your retirement portfolio. However, it’s important to understand the tax implications and any restrictions.

The lock-up period refers to a timeframe during which investors are restricted from withdrawing their investment from an AIF. This period varies depending on the AIF and can range from months to years.

Remember that investing in AIFs requires careful consideration and a good understanding of the associated risks. Always seek advice from financial professionals and read the fund’s prospectus and documentation before making any investment decisions.

Potential benefits of investing in AIFs include diversification beyond traditional assets, exposure to potentially higher returns, access to unique investment opportunities, and the ability to hedge against market volatility.

Need Help?